Figure 1 -
Relationship between the Southern Ocillation and El Nino. Lutgens, Frederick K., and Edward J. Tarbuck, 1986: the Atmosphere.
An Introduction to Meteorology. Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NY. pg 214.
Figure 2 - Weather Changes
Related Class Images
Time series of selected variables whose interannual variability is related to the ENSO phenomenon.
Sea-surface temperature anomalies from 1968 - 1984.
A schematic diagram of the PNA pattern of middle and upper-tropospheric geopotential height anomalies during a NH winter that coincides with El Nino conditions.
Cross section of the current system off the Peruvian coastline.
Walker cell circulation.
Schematic diagram of areas and times of the year with a consistent ENSO precipitation signal and monthly tropical sea surface and land air temperature anomalies 1961-1989.
Average May-June 1988 SST anomalies and average May-June 1988 OLR anomalies.
Average geopotential height anomalies at 300 mb for April-May-June 1988.
Sea surface temperature anomalies
Calculated OLR for DJF 1982-1983
Observed SSTA for December 1991
Northern hemisphere winter
Contours of the composite SST anomaly taken from ship track data angenerated by the six El Ninos between 1949 and 1981.